Lectora VPAT Documents
Guide to Accessibility
What is Section 508?
Section 508 is an amendment passed in the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. The amendment states that technology, including computer software, websites, phone systems, and copiers, should be available to people with disabilities. This includes any person with a physical, sensory, or cognitive disability.
Standards have been established for:
For more information, visit: https://www.section508.gov/.
Is Lectora and Lectora Online (the program themselves) 508 Compliant?
Both Lectora and Lectora Online do support some keyboard control. However, we do not claim that either interface is fully keyboard accessible or ATAG (Authoring Tool Accessibility Guidelines) compliant.
Is Lectora and Lectora Online published content Section 508 Compliant?
Yes, Lectora and Lectora Online support the ability to publish content that meets Section 508 requirements.
What is WCAG?
WCAG or Web Content Accessibility Guidelines are the international guidelines set for accessibility on the Internet. WCAG has gone through two versions: WCAG 1.0 and WCAG 2.0.
For more information, visit: https://www.w3.org/WAI/intro/wcag.
Is Lectora WCAG compliant?
Yes, Lectora supports the ability to publish content that meets the WCAG 2.0 AA requirements.
Is Lectora compatible with screen readers like JAWS and Dragon Naturally Speaking?
Yes, Lectora publishes to HTML, so any assistive technology that works with web pages is compatible.
Where do I turn on “Use Web Accessibility Settings?”
To designate your title to use Web Accessibility settings, select Title Options from the Design Ribbon, and enable the “Use Web Accessibility Settings” check box.
Learn more about preparing a title for accessibility.
What does “Use Web Accessibility Settings” do?
Selecting the “Use Web Accessibility Settings” option modifies the following options in Lectora:
Learn more about preparing a title for accessibility.
Where do you place a skip navigation feature?
Skip navigation should be placed at the title level of your course to allow your learner to skip over any repetitive navigation that appears on every page (such as your Home, Help, and Exit buttons). Start by creating a placeholder (such as an empty text block) that is layered in your Title Explorer after your repetitive navigation. Then create a hyperlink that is layered before the repetitive navigation and set the action to Go To Current Page and to Scroll To the placeholder.
For a tutorial on adding the necessary items in Lectora, see page 24 of the Making eLearning Accessible eBook.
How can I make my navigation accessible by keyboard actions?
Add an action at the title level, which states that on Keystroke, for example, the right arrow → , navigate to a certain page, such as Go To Next Page. However, keep in mind that screen readers often use their own keyboard shortcuts, so be careful not to override them. Also remember to disinherit the action on pages where you’d normally disinherit the associated button or link.
How do I control reading and tabbing order?
The Title Explorer controls the layering of objects on a page, and therefore the reading order that screen readers use to identify objects. An object at the top of the list in the Title Explorer is actually on the bottom-most layer of the page. A screen reader would identify this object first. Alternatively, an object at the bottom of the list of objects in the Title Explorer would be identified last.
Learn more about using the Title Explorer to configure object layering and reading order.
Learn more about keyboard tabbing order and visual focus.
How do I enable ALT text?
ALT tags in Lectora are created from the object’s name as it’s listed in the Title Explorer. This is the same name that appears in the Name field of the object’s properties. Be sure to select “Create Alt text for images and buttons” when publishing. This option is automatically selected when the “Use Web Accessibility Settings” Title Option is turned on.
How do I add a long description?
Complex graphics, charts, and images will require that you provide a detailed description. Rather than using an ALT tag, you will need to provide access to a textual description. There are many ways to do this in Lectora. You can layer the description behind the graphic using a text block, or you can describe the image within your page's text as part of the body of the page. Alternatively, you may choose to place a hyperlink below the image that uses a Display Message action to provide textual explanation of the image.
Learn more about providing alternative text when ALT tags cannot be used.
How do I get assistive technology to skip over an image?
If any of the objects in your title are of no informational value or are used merely for decoration, they should have empty ALT tags. You can do this by checking the “Empty ALT Tag” option in the object's properties.
Learn more about using an empty ALT tag for an object.
How can I allow users to enlarge the text?
When you publish your title to a web-based format, such as HTML, SCORM, and AICC, any browser that supports Zoom functionality can be used to resize text.
All modern browsers will support zooming, including Mozilla Firefox, Internet Explorer, Chrome, and Safari.
You can also download and reuse functionality from a sample title on the Trivantis Community site that will allow you to increase the size of the text on a page up to 200%.
Learn more about browsers that support zooming on Lectora published content.
Download the change Text Size Menu Example.
Should I number the images if there are multiple on a page?
You don’t have to. The reader will read your content from back to front without the labeling. However, you can include something like “Image 1 of x”. Just keep in mind that this will be read with each and every image on the page.
How do I add closed captions to audio and video?
Lectora enables you to add closed captioning to video (FLV and MP4) and audio files (MP3, FLV, and M4A) within your title. To add closed captioning:
When you preview and publish your title, the captioning text is displayed above the controller according to the details specified within an XML file. Remember to select a Controller and to clear the “Auto Start” and “Rollover” options.
Learn more about working with closed-captioning audio.
Learn more about working with closed-captioning video.
Read the how to Add Closed Captions to Video and Audio in Lectora blog article.
Check out this closed Captioning with WEBVTT example
How do you setup data tables with accessible column and row headers?
If you use tables within your titles, accessibility guidelines require you to identify row and column headers so that a screen reader can properly identify the information within the table.
In Lectora, you can select the “Include Header” option within the Table Properties. This will identify the first row as the header. Items within the table are then automatically associated with the left-most column of the table and the identified header row
Learn more about Including a header with a table.
How do you identify various levels of text headings and sub-headings?
When you label the text block as a heading, it is recognized by screen readers and even search engines as containing important information. This selection will not affect the formatting of the text block, but will define the importance of the text relative to the content. In order of importance, H1 comes first, then H2, and so on.
You can do this in Lectora by maintaining standard HTML paragraph formatting. Create page titles with the use of text blocks, and set the “HTML Text Type” to Heading 1 through Heading 6.
Learn more about changing the HTML text type of a text block.
Does Lectora test for color blindness?
No, not at this time. However, you can test your published web content at websites such as http://colorfilter.wickline.org/.
What alternative highlighting methods are appropriate substitutes for color?
You need to ensure that color is only used a secondary indicator of meaning. For example, you cannot indicate required fields in a form only by highlighting in red. Alternatively, you might use a red asterisk, so that the color is not the only indicator. For text sections, do not use only color or formatting as identifiers, but instead/additionally use heading tags to identify breaks in content. Also, if printing is an option, print each page of your content in black and white and test that you can still understand the material.
Is the option to use lightbox pop-ups accessible? If not, what should I use instead?
No, lightbox popups will not be read by a screen reader. Instead you should create pop ups that are a page within your course. You can size them and design them to look and behave like popup windows. When you need to open them, use the Display Page in Popup Action. In Lectora, when you select the “Use Web Accessibility Settings” publish option, the “Use Lightbox Pop Ups” option will be turned off automatically. In Lectora Online, be sure to deselect this option when you publish your course. When a popup is closed, the window closes and the parent page receives focus automatically.
Is there a way to modify the exported html directly in order to include browser inclusions or any other code?
Yes, you can add HTML Extension objects to add Custom DIVs, CSS, scripting, and more.
Which question types are accessible?
The following question types in Lectora are accessible, as they do not require the use of a mouse:
Learn more about objects and actions that do not work with the keyboard.
Will objects Initially Hidden and later shown be recognized?
Screen readers can only interpret the content that is visible on the page when it is initially displayed to the user. That is, interactive rollovers, or objects that display additional information on the page when clicked, cannot be included. The new information that is displayed to the user as a result of the event is not recognized by the screen reader.
An alternative approach to displaying additional information to the user after a user has clicked on an object is to launch a popup window containing the additional information. When a new window is displayed to the user, the screen reader will automatically switch focus and begin reading the content within the new window. When using this approach, be sure to include a means for the user to then close the popup window.
Learn more about using actions and integrating accessible interactivity.
Watch the recorded webinar how to Put the Zing in Accessible e-Learning.
Timed elements are not WCAG compliant. What alternatives are available for timed tests?
In general, timed activities are used to apply pressure on a learner to demonstrate ready recall of material. However, from an accessibility perspective, timed responses pose an additional challenge. In cases where timing is required, additional time should be allowed for learners using assistive technology. If timing is not critical, consider applying pressure by limiting the number of attempts a learner can submit instead of timed responses.
Links to Community Resources
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